old Chinese proverb reads : For your country/If you plan for a year sow
paddy/If you plan for a decade plant trees/If you plan for the future,
nurture youth. This is where the National Cadet Corps (NCC) proves its
significance. NCC inculcates in the youth a sense of nationalism and
secular outlook that contributes towards the building of the nation. It
also provides a platform for individual upliftment through the process of
channelising the energy of the youth in constructive pursuits. Besides
giving thrill and excitement, NCC promotes camaraderie and resilience and
hones cultural skills to preserve the cultural traditions and values of
the society. It helps the youth to realise the intimate relationship
between man and the community, between community and nature and their
was conceived in 1917 when India Defence Act was promulgated with an
object of making up the deficiencies in the Armed Forces by raising the
University Corps. In 1920, with the passage of India Territorial Act,
University Corps was replaced by University Training Corps. In 1942, this
Corps was rechristened University Officers Training Corps. In 1946, a
committee under Pandit H N Kunzru was set up at the behest of Pandit
Jawaharlal Nehru to formulate the establishment of an organisation capable
of training and motivating the youth of the country to become better
citizens and leaders in all walks of life. Consequently, the National
Cadet Corps came into being on July 16, 1948 with the promulgation of the
NCC Act XXXI of 1948. NCC was placed under the Ministry of Defence.
Overall supervision and policy
formation for the functioning of this organisation rests with the Central
Advisory Committee. The Minister of State for Defence is the Chairman of
this committee. Constitution of the committee is as under :
(a) Minister of State for Defence -
(b) Defence Secretary - Ex officio
(c) Education Secretary - Ex officio
(d) Three Service Chiefs - Ex
(e) Financial Adviser Defence
Services - Ex officio member.
(f) Two members of Lok Sabha -
(g) One member from Rajya Sabha -
(h) Five non - official members
nominated by the Central Government.
NCC is administered through the
Ministry of Defence. The Defence Secretary, Ministry of Defence is
responsible to ensure the smooth and efficient functioning of this
organisation at the Ministry level. In the year 2000, the Central Advisory
Committee modified the aims of NCC which read :
- To develop qualities of character,
courage, comradeship, discipline, secular outlook, spirit of adventure,
sportsmanship and the ideals of selfless service among the youth to make
them useful citizens.
- To create a human resource of
organised, trained and motivated youth, to provide leadership in all walks
of life including the Armed Forces and always make them available for the
service of the nation.
- To create a suitable environment
to motivate the youth to take up a career in the Armed Forces.
is a voluntary organisation for students of the schools and colleges.
School students of the age of above 13 years can join as junior cadets and
students from class XI and above, can join this organisation as senior
cadets. This organisation from its humble beginning of 32500 senior cadets
and 135000 junior cadets, has grown to above eleven lakhs cadets with 4.33
lakh senior cadets and 7.3 lakh junior cadets. While these figures seem
big, they cover only a meagre 3.8 per cent student population of the
country. The executive network of 745 units spreads from Leh in the
Himalayas to the Nicobar Islands in the south and from the Rann of Kutch
in the west to Kohima in the east. Presently, NCC coverage is provided to
4560 colleges and 7040 schools. Over 1400 schools and colleges are in the
waiting list to join NCC. It was given an inter-service image when the Air
Wing and Naval Wing were added to this organisation in 1952 and 1956
By 1960, demand for NCC had grown
substantially. To meet this demand, an auxiliary corps was raised called
National Cadet Corps Rifles. In 1963, NCC was made compulsory in all
schools and colleges and the National Cadet Corps Rifles was merged with
NCC. Considering the suggestions from the Vice-Chancellors of the
universities, NCC was again made a voluntary organisation in 1968.
already mentioned, the Ministry of Defence with the Defence Secretary
being the overall in charge of the NCC controls this organisation. At the
Headquarters level, this organisation is headed by an officer of the rank
of Lieutenant General. He is the Director General of the NCC. Two other
officers of the rank of Major General, five Brigadier level officers and
other civil officials assist him. The Headquarters is located in Delhi.
There are 16 Directorates located in the state capitals headed by an
officer of the rank of a Brigadier from the three Services.
Depending upon the size of the state
and growth of NCC in the states, Directorates have up to 14 Group
Headquarters under them through which they exercise their command and
control of the organisation in the state. Group Headquarters have
battalions and companies under their command through which the
organisation functions. There are 91 Group Headquarters, 546 Army Wing
Units, 58 Naval Wing Units and 58 Air Wing Units spread over the length
and breadth of the country. At the school and college level, there are
troops and companies that are headed by the teacher of the institution who
is selected and trained to head the sub-unit. This person is called the
Associate NCC Officer. There are two training establishments namely
Officers Training School, Kamptee and Women Officers Training School,
Gwalior. These two institutions train the school and college teachers
selected to head the company/troop. Courses in these institutions range
from 21 days to 90 days in duration.
The Central Government covers the
pay and allowances of the central government employees, NCC clothing,
centralised camps, 50 per cent of the budget of all states camp and
equipment for adventure activities like boats, gliders, horses etc. State
governments finance the pay and allowances of the state employees, cadetís
refreshments and washing allowances, funds to train and pay the Associate
NCC Officers and 50 per cent of the camp budget of state NCC camps.
Personnel for the conduct of NCC activities include the service personnel,
Associate NCC Officers and the civilian staff. Service personnel include
officers, JCOs and NCOs. Officers formulate the policies and supervise
their implementation. Associate NCC Officers, JCOs and NCOs are the
A cadet can continue in NCC for two
years as a junior cadet and three years as a senior cadet. Each year of
training consists of 150 periods and 120 periods for junior and senior
division cadets respectively. Institutional training consists of service
subjects, social subjects and subjects related to adventure activities and
subjects promoting national integration. During training years, cadets get
opportunity to attend various types of NCC camps. At the end of two years
training, the cadets can appear for the certificate examinations.
NCC plays a very dominant role in
inculcating social ethos in the youth of the country. It undertakes
various social service activities like aid to the administration in times
of calamities, preservation of environment and ecology, blood donation
campaigns, literacy programs and construction and cleanliness drives.
To be successful in life, one has to
be bold to take calculated risk even at great discomfort. NCC develops
these qualities in the youth by putting them through rigorous training
including adventure activities. These activities develop special qualities
of leadership, courage, comradeship and self-confidence. Adventure
activities in the NCC include : mountaineering and trekking expeditions,
rock climbing, para training and jumping camps, gliding, slithering,
microlight flying, sailing, surfing, scuba diving, boat pulling etc.
The Central Advisory Committee in
November 1996 decided to include games and sports in the curriculum of the
cadets training to make NCC more attractive. Disciplines included in this
activity are athletics, football and volleyball.
Youth Exchange Programmes between
NCC of India and youth organisations of other countries are undertaken
yearly. The Exchange Programme includes mutual visits up to 24 days in
which cadets undertake billeting families, community work projects,
educational activities etc. These projects develop mutual respect,
adaptability, self-discipline, cross cultural learning and above all, love
for oneís country. India has Youth Exchange Programme with Australia,
Bangladesh, Bhutan, Canada, Maldives, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, United
Kingdom and Vietnam.
NCC trains the cadets to become responsive
individuals, sensitive to the needs of the community. This active
participation teaches dignity of labour and ignites the creative instinct
that lies latent in the youth. This is achieved through the scientifically
planned NCC curriculum. It aims at developing a new work of ethos
characterised by hard work, sincerity of purpose and the ideals of
selfless service with a secular outlook.