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Last updated on : 27/05/2016


Q 1. What are the current Force Levels of the Indian Navy? What are the ongoing projects? What steps are being undertaken by the Indian Navy to augment its strength?

Ans. The Indian Navy’s present force level comprises about 150 ships and submarines. The Indian Navy’s perspective-planning in terms of ‘force-levels’ is now driven by a conceptual shift from ‘numbers’ of platforms - that is, from the old ‘bean-counting’ philosophy—to one that concentrates upon ‘capabilities’. In terms of force accretions in the immediate future, we are acquiring ships in accordance with the Navy’s current Maritime Capability Perspective Plan.


There are presently more than 50 ships and submarines under construction. Our preferred choice of inducting ships has been through the indigenous route. For instance, the GRSE has already delivered all three of the large amphibious ships and ten water-jet Fast Attack Craft. The yard is presently constructing advanced Anti-submarine Corvettes and has been recently awarded a contract to build LCUs.

In the South, Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL) is progressing the construction of our most ambitious ship yet – the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier.
At Mumbai, our premier warship-building yard Mazagon Docks Ltd, is engaged in the construction of Kolkata Class and P-15B destroyers besides stealth frigate of the Shivalik Class. Submarines of the Scorpene Class are also under construction at MDL.
Goa Shipyard Limited, which has built a number of Offshore Patrol Vessels for the Navy and the Coast Guard, has advanced versions of this type under construction. 


Over the years, the Indian Navy has taken a conscious decision to encourage other shipyards, including private yards, to enter the specialised field of warship-construction. The response has been encouraging.  Contracts have been concluded with M/s Pipavav Shipyard Ltd and ABG Shipyard for construction of a few NOPVs and a couple of Cadet Training Ships, respectively.


The indigenous warships construction has come a long way since the commissioning of INS Nilgiri on 03 Jun 72. There are not many countries in the world having capability to produce such a wide variety of warships ranging from Fast Attack Craft to Aircraft Carrier. However, few ships are being inducted from abroad also to bridge the gap in the capabilities envisaged in the Master Plan of Navy. These include the carrier Vikramaditya, and follow-on ships of the Talwar Class from Russia.

In addition, Mid-Life Upgrades (MLUs) of ships are also being progressed.  After their MLU, ships of the Rajput Class as also those of the Brahmaputra Class will emerge as potent 21st Century combatants with significant residual life.

Q 2. Why was the name Arihant chosen for India’s first Nuclear Powered Submarine?

Ans. Arihant is a Sanskrit word meaning the ‘Destroyer of the Enemy’. The name befits the strategic significance of a nuclear powered submarine. Among the many options considered, the name ‘Arihant’ was selected and approved at all levels because of its subtlety and appropriateness in conveying the resolve.      
Q 3.   What is the Indian Navy expecting from the Indian Industry for future naval platforms?

Ans. The Indian Navy is looking for considerable support from the Indian industry to successfully realize its new ship-building projects. The industry is urged to invest in development of naval equipment meeting the stringent standards, particularly for noise and vibration standards, as these are crucial performance requirements of modern war ships. Modularity of systems, with a standard as well as well-defined minimum interfaces with the ship will be the thrust in the future. This will help the process of ship design and construction to proceed on the basis of the agreed interfaces, while the OEM’s are concurrently developing equipment within the confines of the module. Such an approach will also, to a large extent, accommodate evolutionary designs of state-of-the-art equipment to meet the rising aspirations of the naval staff. Further, given the complexity, magnitude and resource intensive nature of development of new naval systems, a navy-industry relationship founded more on partnership rather than mere customer-supplier relationship would be required. This will give confidence to both parties for sharing the risks of development as well as the benefits of new technology with reduced costs. 

Q 4.   What is the rationale of constructing a full-fledged naval base at Karwar, when we have two operational bases at Mumbai and Kochi on the West coast of India?

Ans. India has a large coastline of 7516 Kms with 1197 offshore islands and very large Exclusive Economic Zone of 2.01 million sq kms that is rich in resources. Therefore, India requires a strong and modern Navy to protect its varied maritime interests and shoulder additional responsibilities, particularly in the current geo-political and security situation that prevails in the Indian Ocean Region.  The two major Naval Bases on the West Coat of India, ie Mumbai and Kochi have already reached their full capacities and cannot be expanded any further.  Accordingly, the necessity for a third Naval base on the western seaboard to cater for the planned growth of the Navy.

Q 5. How do you grade Indian Navy today in terms of Operational preparedness?

Ans. The Indian Navy is fully prepared to safeguard the maritime interests of the nation. The country's maritime interests encompass maintenance of the territorial integrity of India against seaward challenges and threats as well as protection of our maritime trade and the merchantmen that embody it. Our coastline today faces significant security challenges from malevolent 'non-state', as well as 'state-sponsored' elements. To safeguard the maritime interests of the nation, the Navy performs four types of roles viz. military, diplomatic, constabulary and benign. For these roles, we have adequate capability and we are also continuously evolving to meet the new challenges posed by non-state actors and the modern day pirates.

Q 6. After 26/11, what steps have been taken to strengthen the intelligence system and surveillance?

Ans. Consequent to the unfortunate events of 26/11, the coastal security has been reviewed at appropriate levels and the Cabinet Committee on Security in their meeting held in Feb 09 has approved certain proposals. The Indian Navy has been designated as the authority responsible for overall maritime security, which includes coastal security and offshore security. The Indian Navy, in this regard, will be assisted by Coast Guard, State Marine Police and other Central and State agencies for the coastal defence of the nation. The other initiatives to strengthen the coastal security are as follows:-

(a) Setting up of Joint Operation Centres (JOCs) at Mumbai, Visakhapatnam, Kochi and Port Blair under the charge of the existing Naval C-in-Cs. In case of Port Blair, the JOC is under the charge of CINCAN. The JOCs are jointly manned and operated by the Navy and Coast Guard with inputs from diverse agencies such as Navy, Coast Guard and other Central and State Government agencies dealing with maritime aspects.

(c) Formation of the Sagar Prahari Bal of the Navy comprising 80 Fast Interceptor Craft and 1000 personnel.

(d) Regular conduct of Coastal Security exercises in all States in conjunction with the Coast Guard, State and Central Government agencies.

(e) Enhancement of surface and air surveillance by Indian Navy and Coast Guard ships and aircraft along the coast and in all offshore development areas.

(f) Conduct of awareness drives by the Navy and the Coast Guard to sensitize the fishing and coastal community and coastal/port authorities on issues related to security against threats from the sea.

(g) Setting Up of Coastal Radar Chain and Coastal AIS chain in a time bound manner.

(h) Progress on registering of all vessels and issue of identity cards to all fishermen/coastal population is well underway and is being closely monitored by the MHA.

(j) National Command Control Communications and Intelligence (NC3I) Network is being set up as part of the maritime security measures post 26/11. As an interim measure, hotline connectivity between the IN, ICG and other government authorities involved in coastal security on the Western and Eastern Seaboard have been provisioned.

Q 7.  What level of training assistance is being provided by the Navy to the CISF and Marine Police?

Ans. The Navy conducts five courses a year for the personnel of CISF and Marine Police at its training institution at INS Chilka. This course is of two weeks duration. The training is imparted in general seamanship, maintenance and boat handling. In addition, each Command has also undertaken training of Marine Police and Customs personnel on being requested for the same. No request for training has been turned down so far.

Q 8. India is a maritime nation with a long coastline and Maritime Security is responsibility of the Indian Navy. Is the Navy capable to safeguard the maritime interests with the present fleet strength?

Ans. The country's maritime interests encompass maintenance of the territorial integrity of India against all types of seaward challenges and threats as well as protection of our maritime trade and the merchantmen that embody it. The Indian Navy is fully prepared to safeguard the maritime interests of the nation. We have adequate capability and are also continuously evolving to meet the new challenges. Since the security challenges are only bound to increase in the times to come, the Indian Navy’s assets acquisition plan has also been tailored to meet this requirement. 

Q 9. What efforts are in place for bringing the complete coastline under radar surveillance?

Ans.  Radar stations along the complete coastline of India including that of L& M group of islands  and A&N islands are being set up and the project is likely to be completed by end 2012.

Q 10.  What short term and long term gains for strategic partnership accrue for the Indian Navy by holding bi-lateral and joint exercises?

Ans.  The objectives of exercises with foreign navies are:-

(i) To gain operational and doctrinal expertise.
(ii) Share transformational experiences
(iii) Examine and imbibe 'best-practices'.
(iv) Achieve a high level of inter-operability.
(v) Enhance Maritime Domain Awareness through a variety of information-sharing mechanisms.

We have been able to achieve all the above objectives and also showcase our own professional competence and ship building/operating capabilities. With some of the exercises being conducted overseas, as far away as the Pacific/ Atlantic Ocean, it has also conveyed to the other navies, the reach of the Indian Navy.

Q 11. How is India securing its trade route from pirates? What kind of protection is provided to the ships moving off Indian coast?

Ans.  A large percentage of India’s trade, including oil and fertilisers, passes through the Gulf of Aden. The Ministry of Shipping has estimated that, Indian imports through the Gulf of Aden route were valued in the order of USD 50 Billion and exports at USD 60 Billion. The safety and unhindered continuity of maritime trade, through ships that use this route, is a primary national concern as it directly impacts our economy.  Although this task accounts for only 13% of our trade (the remainder is carried in foreign ‘bottoms’), the crew of most foreign flagged vessels comprise Indian nationals, as India’s large seafaring community (approximately 100,000 in number) accounts for 6-7% of the world’s seafarers.            
Piracy in Gulf of Aden, Somalian Coast, Omani Coast and seas between the African coastline and Maldives is a global menace, being fought not only by IN, but also by numerous Navies of the World. India on its part is actively engaged in anti piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden and the Eastern Arabian Sea. The Indian Navy commenced anti-piracy patrols in the Gulf of Aden from October 2008 and since then a ship has been deployed continuously. Besides escorting Indian flagged vessels, ships of other countries have also been provided protection. No ship under Indian escort has thus far been hijacked by pirates.

Q 12.  Despite coordinated efforts to protect ships, pirates still strike and hijack it. Some experts argue that getting all the countries under one unified command would greatly improve the efficiency of international counter piracy activities. What is the Navy’s view on the suggestion?

Ans.  Efforts of international navies have been quite effective in bringing down the success rates of piracy. Action by navies has denied freedom of operations to the pirates and has deterred and dissuaded them from carrying out attacks in areas where navies are currently deployed.  It needs to be highlighted that naval deployments and command and task organisations for them are in accordance with their respective national mandates.

A unified command approach to anti piracy deployments would be useful in further improving the efficiency of ongoing naval operations. India would prefer to operate under an “UN construct” for such unified operations. However, even in the absence of a formal unified structure, cooperation between navies for coordinating anti piracy operations has been excellent. 

Q 13. What is the MILAN Initiative?
Ans. The MILAN initiative is a naval interaction held biennially at Port Blair wherein some navies represented by one/two ships each, as also delegations, interact with each other to discuss issues related to maritime security, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief etc. MILAN has been conducted so far in 1995, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2006, 2008 and 2010 & 2012. 14 countries participated in MILAN 2012.

Q 14. What are the rules concerning Permanent Commission to SSC Officers?

Ans. SSC officers are presently inducted under the 10+4 scheme, wherein the officer serves for 10 years and can exercise the option of extending his service by 4 years. PC is granted to SSC officers subject to service requirement and availability of vacancies. Further, the grant of PC is governed by Regs Navy Part III, Statutory, Chapter IV Article 124(7) & 126(7), Chapter IX Article 203.

SSC-to-PC conversion is presently applicable to Technical Officers (Engineering and Electrical). Grant of PC to SSC officers of Law, Education and Naval Construction Cadre is effective for batches that have been inducted wef Oct 08. Officers would be considered for grant of PC based on their performance and recommendations in ACRs. The officers are required to be medically fit as per Naval Standards and no disciplinary/ vigilance case should be pending against the officers.

Officers volunteering for PC are to forward their willingness for extension of service under 10+4 scheme through respective formations. SSC officers would be given two chances to opt for PC/ extension of service. The two chances would be in the sixth and seventh years of service. The selection would be based on inter-se merit of the officers under consideration and subject to availability of vacancies.

Q 15.  What are the rules regarding employment of Women officers in the Indian Navy?

Ans. Women officers in the Navy are accorded equality in all aspects of the service. The duties and job specification, training, working conditions, promotion prospects, pay and allowances and service conditions of these officers is exactly the same as that of their male counterparts and there is no gender discrimination whatsoever. The appointment of these officers is planned with the aim of best utilising their qualifications, talent, expertise, aptitude and experience gained during various tenures. However, the employment of women in the Indian Navy is, for the time being, restricted to non-combat areas and to shore-billets only.

At the present juncture, women-officers are being inducted as SSC officers into the ‘Law’, ‘Logistics’, ‘Observers’ and ‘ATC’ Cadres of the ‘Executive Branch’, in the ‘Naval Constructor’ Cadre of the ‘Engineering Branch’, and, in the ‘Education Branch’.  The Government has approved grant of PC prospectively to women officers in Education Branch and Law and Naval Constructor Cadres for batches commencing Oct 08.

Q 16.  What are the shortages being faced by the Indian Navy today in terms of manpower? 

Ans. The Indian Navy today comprises about one lakh uniformed and civilian personnel of which the uniformed manpower is about 69,000.  The Navy is facing a shortfall in both uniformed and civilian personnel.  The shortfall of uniformed personnel is about 21% for officers and 18% for sailors.  The shortfall for civilian personnel, with a current shortage of some 8,000 individuals, amounts to 18%.  Civilian personnel form the backbone of our maintenance force and have longstanding expertise. Adequate measures have been put in place to mitigate these shortages.

Q 17.  Is the Indian Navy satisfied with the quality of its manpower?

Ans. We are very proud of the discipline, hardiness, resilience, innovativeness, and leadership-qualities of our human-resource and are confident that this provides us with a definitive edge over many regional and extra-regional navies.
The Navy is a true reflection of the technological progress of our country. The degree of skill required for running sophisticated ships, submarines and aircraft of the Indian Navy is no mean feat. The fact that our Navy is recognised globally as the principal regional maritime force in the Indian Ocean is indicative of the high quality of the men running it and the training they receive. The last few years have been particularly challenging in the sense that the Navy had to actively reach out to the country, in spreading awareness about the excellence of a career in the Service.  As far as sailors are concerned, the Navy is able to pick and choose the best amongst the eligible volunteers.  For officers too, all the entries have been oversubscribed and the cut-off percentage for the short-listing of candidates is constantly rising.  The cut-off percentage for the 10+2 (Cadet Entry Scheme) Scheme is above 70%, which in itself is indicative of high quality. If past trends are any indication, the quality of the inducted officers is comparable to the best in the country with cut-off reaching as high as 85%.

Q 18.  What are the avenues available to me to join army at Graduate level?

Ans.  Following entries are available:-

(a) IMA
(b) OTA
(c) NCC Special Entry Scheme
(d) TGC
(e) UES

For complete details visit our website

Q 19. What are the avenues available to me to join army as a technical graduate?

Ans.  Technical Graduate course and UES course for Permanent commission and Short Service Commission are available. For details visit website

Q 20. I have done NCC training and obtained 'C' certificate. What are the avenues available for me?

Ans.  Certain vacancies for NCC 'C' certificate holders are reserved for IMA and OTA. For IMA you have to apply through UPSC ie Combined Defence Services Examination (CDSE) and for OTA through NCC Special entry Scheme for which advertisement is published in Jun/Jul and Nov/Dec every year. NCC Special Entry scheme is a Non UPSC Entry.

Q 21. If I receive my SSB interview date once, is it possible to fix the same at any other time?

Ans.  Yes, If you are unable to attend the SSB interview due to unavoidable circumstance, you can write/speak on tele to the concerned Selection Centre from where you have got the call. They will give you another date for SSB interview.

Q 22. What are the facilities available for guidance / information / clarification regarding the application form?

Ans.  Candidates can contact Additional Directorate General of Recruiting at their Reception Room at West Block-III, RK Puram, New Delhi or over telephone No 011-26173215/011-26175473 on all working days between 0900hrs to 1700hrs.

Q 23. Will I get any compensation if I get injured during SSB interview? 

Ans.  No compensation will be paid in respect to any injury sustained as a result of test conducted at SSB.

Q 24.  Where do I have to report for interview once I qualify for the SSB interview?

Ans.  The interviews for Army candidates are conducted at one of the following centres :-

(a) Selection Centre East Allahabad
(b) Selection Centre Central Bhopal
(c) Selection Centre South Bangalore

Q 25. I want to join TA. But my present employer / company is not giving NOC for joining. Where can I found the authority for NOC ?

Ans.  Employees of Pvt / Govt Sect, who clear written exam for TA commission are required to submit NOC from their employer, which is prerogative of parents department / employer. The letter for grant of permission to Civil Govt Servants to join the TA is given in our website at under mentioned link :-

Q 26. What is the procedure for joining Army Medical Corps as Doctor?

Ans.  The application for Short Service Commission in Army Medical Corps are invited by way of advertisement in all leading Newspapers including Employment News and our website as and when vacancies are available. You are advised to watch out for our advertisement and apply accordingly. You may visit the u/m link if Indian Army Website for more information :-

Q 27.How can we invite Indian Army for campus in College / University?

Ans.  College / University may approach directly to 'A' Branch of respective Command Headquarters, under which area they fall for their campus request.